top of page





In January 2020 Sofia Karim, collaborating with activists, initiated Turbine Bagh, a joint artists’ movement against fascism in India.


“India was in the grip of mass protests sparked by anti-muslim citizenship laws. The Turbine Bagh movement emerged around a protest we planned for the Turbine Hall at Tate Modern. The protest has been postponed due to COVID19, but the movement continues. 


Turbine Bagh is a platform for resistance and international solidarity, working with artists, activists and human rights groups, not only in India but across the world. 


‘Turbine Bagh’ is a reference to Shaheen Bagh, the women led protest in Delhi which was the epicentre of the resistance prior to COVID-19 lockdown. Led mainly (but not only) by Muslim women, Shaheen Bagh and similar protests it sparked across the country, challenged patriarchy but also western stereotypes of the ‘muslim woman’. It was the largest women led resistance movement of our time. Yet few in the UK seem to know about it. 


Our intention was to raise awareness and join the struggle. The word ‘bagh’ means garden. For one day we would make the civic space of the Turbine Hall our ‘garden’. A space for peaceful dissent. 


Events in India are the latest wave of a hard-line Hindu supremacist agenda and a wider 

project to create a Hindu nation based on Bhraminical Hindutva ideology. 


We are now at a precipice. The world’s largest secular democracy has turned into a fascist, Hindu supremacist state with relative ease. That is ominous and should be a lesson to the world.


The Hindutva project has been unfolding for many years prior to these citizenship laws. Kashmir - its autonomous status revoked by the Indian government in August 2019 - is now a prison, resembling occupied Palestine. The detention camps in Assam, terrifying in their vastness, are almost complete. They are not being built for nothing.


The president of Genocide Watch Gregory Stanton, said in December 2019: 

“The persecution of Muslims in Assam and Kashmir is the stage just before genocide. The next stage is extermination—that’s what we call a genocide.”


Home Minister Amit Shah calls Bangladeshi illegal immigrants “termites’’ and has vowed to “pick up infiltrators one by one and throw them into the Bay of Bengal.”


In February 2020 a pogrom against Muslims took place in Delhi, coinciding with Trump’s visit. At the ‘Namaste Trump’ rally, crowds wore Trump and Modi masks. In his speech to the masses, Trump endorsed the Modi regime and declared fundamentalist Islam to be the common enemy. The next day, as the two leaders dined, Hindu supremacist mobs 

burned citizens (mainly Muslims) alive, identified Muslim men by circumcision and desecrated mosques, while police stood by. Some Muslims fought back.


Our UK Home Secretary Priti Patel congratulated Modi’s election victory last May. Former 

leader Tony Blair, who waged a War on Terror to “ free ” the world of religious fundamentalism, met Modi in October, with other architects of the Iraq war.


Things have worsened under COVID-19 lockdown. There have been mass arrests of intellectuals, students and activists. Police brutality is normalised. 


I think the signals are clear. 


The Muslim population of India is around 200 million. Our governments may choose to 

remain silent, but it is our right and duty to speak. Are we going to speak out now, or look 

away?” (Sofia Karim)


Follow Instagram @turbinebagh_art for details. 

bottom of page